Hertford Castle

Hertford was one of the burgs founded by King Edward the Elder during the English re-conquest of the Danelaw. It was no doubt not long after 1066 that William the Conqueror raised the castle beside the River Lea. In basic form, Hertford Castle looks like Berkhamsted – a motte and bailey when surrounded by a double moat, with much of its flint curtain still standing. The earthworks of the castle do not compare beneficial, because the motte is surprisingly small and the moats have long been completed. Royal expenditure is taped in 1171-74, and the curtain most likely dates a minimum of partially from that time. The octagonal tower at the south angle of the enclosure is a later medieval addition.

Like Berkhamsted, the castle withstood its only documented siege in 1216, falling to the rebels during the Dauphin Louis’ project to win the English throne. A similarly reluctant royal visitor was England’s own Richard II, who was deposed in the castle before moving on to his death at Pontefract.

The castle enjoyed a revival under Henry IV. He developed the brick gatehouse in 1461-65. The gatehouse is an oblong structure with shallow angle turrets, the plain surface of the walls being enriched just below parapet level by blank arcades echoing machicolations. This feature suffices to reveal that the gatehouse was more for program than for defense. (Site : S188)Nevertheless, the original arrangements have actually been obscured by later adjustment. Profession of the gatehouse continued long after the rest of the castle had actually been deserted, and in1790 it was enlarged.

In basic kind, Hertford Castle looks like Berkhamsted – a motte and bailey once surrounded by a double moat, with much of its flint curtain still standing. A similarly unwilling royal visitor was England’s own Richard II, who was deposed in the castle prior to moving on to his death at Pontefract.

Occupation of the gatehouse continued long after the rest of the castle had actually been deserted, and in1790 it was enlarged.